Angry Sky

Sometimes you go out and hope the clouds will blow out of your frame. Sometimes they give the image an interesting accent. And then sometimes they're every bit as interesting as your first reason for heading out.   Shot from the Wild Rivers campground between Taos and Red River in New Mexico. I'm looking south toward Taos and the late season Milky Way. The lightning would get much closer and scuttle the early evening of shooting. But at this point, the uninvited guests really made a good show! Bright Jupiter features a single glaring eye in a sky accented by clouds illuminated from the ground and a nice lightning strike.   Cheers!

Sometimes you go out and hope the clouds will blow out of your frame. Sometimes they give the image an interesting accent. And then sometimes they're every bit as interesting as your first reason for heading out.

Shot from the Wild Rivers campground between Taos and Red River in New Mexico. I'm looking south toward Taos and the late season Milky Way. The lightning would get much closer and scuttle the early evening of shooting. But at this point, the uninvited guests really made a good show! Bright Jupiter features a single glaring eye in a sky accented by clouds illuminated from the ground and a nice lightning strike.

Cheers!

Spinning in Abiquiu

Star trails from my campground looking over Abiquiu Lake toward the horizon. I'm not exactly sure when I realized the shutter timer had failed, but the last image collected light for nearly an hour. That produced a number of hot pixels in the image, which make this a poor candidate for enlargement. Still, the features make an interesting composite.   Cheers!

Star trails from my campground looking over Abiquiu Lake toward the horizon. I'm not exactly sure when I realized the shutter timer had failed, but the last image collected light for nearly an hour. That produced a number of hot pixels in the image, which make this a poor candidate for enlargement. Still, the features make an interesting composite.

Cheers!

Rock Milky Way

From a second outing to Abiquiu Lake this Milky Way season. The location was a little bit outside the campground much closer to the lake. The location shielded most of the stray light from the campers--good thing since some of them were definitely lit!  The clouds were about as cooperative as ever at Abiquiu. I set up the camera to shoot over about 3 hours periodically. The sky here is made from the series when the sky was most clear. The rock formation was shot during the last of the blue hour with additional lighting from my adjustable LED lanterns.   (Sky) Made from 8 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise   Cheers!

From a second outing to Abiquiu Lake this Milky Way season. The location was a little bit outside the campground much closer to the lake. The location shielded most of the stray light from the campers--good thing since some of them were definitely lit!

The clouds were about as cooperative as ever at Abiquiu. I set up the camera to shoot over about 3 hours periodically. The sky here is made from the series when the sky was most clear. The rock formation was shot during the last of the blue hour with additional lighting from my adjustable LED lanterns.

(Sky) Made from 8 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise

Cheers!

Bisti Arrow

There are times when the landscape and the equipment don't quite let you arrange the scene the way you pictured in you mind.   Go with it anyway.   Find another option.   And see what results.   It may require a crop. A rotation. Or not.   In this case, I knew that I wanted the rock formation to fill the frame or at least nearly so. And I wanted to make sure I had a good view of sky through the window in the rock. I wasn't quite able to level the camera with those two constraints. The result? A formation that appears to be pointing slightly skyward. It obscures many of the markers in the sky that would tip educated viewers off to the rotation in the frame. Sure, the horizon is at an angle, but that could be the edge of a hill. It looks meant to be.   Jupiter and Antares are hidden behind the formation. The landscape is lit with a GoalZero miniature lantern. The landscape and sky are processed separately. Made from 10 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.   Cheers!

There are times when the landscape and the equipment don't quite let you arrange the scene the way you pictured in you mind.

Go with it anyway.

Find another option.

And see what results.

It may require a crop. A rotation. Or not.

In this case, I knew that I wanted the rock formation to fill the frame or at least nearly so. And I wanted to make sure I had a good view of sky through the window in the rock. I wasn't quite able to level the camera with those two constraints. The result? A formation that appears to be pointing slightly skyward. It obscures many of the markers in the sky that would tip educated viewers off to the rotation in the frame. Sure, the horizon is at an angle, but that could be the edge of a hill. It looks meant to be.

Jupiter and Antares are hidden behind the formation. The landscape is lit with a GoalZero miniature lantern. The landscape and sky are processed separately. Made from 10 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.

Cheers!

Field of Dreams

Maybe one of the reasons I'm drawn to the night sky is that it is the stuff of dreams. The vastness of the cosmos is too deep for the fully awake mind to feel--don't get me wrong, it has some great tools to quantify and describe. The size and power and number of objects just blow right past our common experiences. Scenes like this help that reality become personal by reaching my visual senses with its rich beauty.   The landscape is another from Bisti, with a field of small hoodoos, almost like a crop of rock formations. Shooting the landscape during the blue hour enabled the more distant objects to also be resolved in the image. The sky features Jupiter in the region of Scorpius, with the Milky Way extending north in the sky.   Made from 9 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.   Cheers!

Maybe one of the reasons I'm drawn to the night sky is that it is the stuff of dreams. The vastness of the cosmos is too deep for the fully awake mind to feel--don't get me wrong, it has some great tools to quantify and describe. The size and power and number of objects just blow right past our common experiences. Scenes like this help that reality become personal by reaching my visual senses with its rich beauty.

The landscape is another from Bisti, with a field of small hoodoos, almost like a crop of rock formations. Shooting the landscape during the blue hour enabled the more distant objects to also be resolved in the image. The sky features Jupiter in the region of Scorpius, with the Milky Way extending north in the sky.

Made from 9 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.

Cheers!

Celestial Smokestack

May/June is prime Milky Way time in the Northern Hemisphere—is it always prime time in the global south? This season I thought I’d explore a different option to improve my equipment. RENT.

I shoot a Canon 70D with a 14mm f2.8 Rokinon lens. That means I’m imaging on an APS-C sized CMOS so it is a bit cropped from what you would get with a full frame. The Rokinon is also a modestly priced option for an f2.8 lens. Nevertheless, I’ve been able to capture a number of images with comparable detail to those captured with more expensive equipment. Surely, the higher priced kits ought to produce some better results than my kit.

I rented a Canon EOSR and a Sigma ART 14mm f1.8 from LensRentals (https://www.lensrentals.com). The camera features a full frame sensor in a mirrorless design. The larger sensor should allow better light collection. The mirrorless design should eliminate any vibration from the shutter. And the updated/upgraded camera should improve the quality of the capture. Similarly, the lens features a larger aperture—more light transmission, and frankly much improved glass, yielding better light transmission and imaging.

A little side benefit of the rental is that I had two kits to shoot the Milky Way during this prime time!!!

So, how did they do?

I deliberately set up a comparison shot at the Bisti Badlands. The in-camera images are shown at right. I typically set the white balance to the fluorescent light setting, and run a neutral mode with the full RAW acquisition. With the APS-C images, I collect for 10 s. You can see the comparison between the Rokinon and the Sigma lens, both in camera and in the histogram. The additional light collection brings in more color initially, allowing for more contrast overall. As clear as it is in the images, the histograms reveal similar information. The Sigma lens makes a dramatic impact in terms of the information available for later processing. The larger aperture engages more of the dynamic range of the sensor for the fixed acquisition time I used.

So, what does an up-to-date full frame camera buy you?

At first blush, you know that you can collect light for longer using the rule of 500. Or conversely, the newer technology supports higher ISO with low noise, enabling even shorter captures. I went the latter route, using ISO 12800 for 6 s captures. The image with this configuration is shown at right. And hey, it kind of looks similar to the 70D with the same lens. Maybe a little crisper owning to the full frame sensor. The histogram reveals a bit more contrast to that of the 70D with the same lens, showing more highlight content and a bit broader region in the shadows.

The next steps in my image processing follow the recommended procedure of the Starry Landscape Stacker (available in the Apple App Store); well worth the money. My process varies only slightly from the recommended based on my own experience using the software.

Typically once I have the stacked sky image, I will do one of two things; 1. Adjust the composite image in Lightroom to my tastes and be done or 2. Adjust the night sky in Lightroom and blend with the landscape in Photoshop. For the shots shown here, it is mostly the latter since the white balance and contrast for the sky needed to be different from the landscape.

The results of the processed images are shown at right. Despite the same basic process, my results varied in a way I didn’t expect. I actually prefer the end result with my base kit vs just adding in the Sigma lens. I like the level of contrast with that combination. That said, the Sigma is an outstanding lens for nightscapes, and I imagine it will be a permanent addition to my kit at some point.

The full frame represents another degree of upgrade, and that image is included at the bottom of this post. It is the clear winner in my book. Not just because of the quality of the sensor, but the full frame makes better use of the lens. For me, this image is the keeper, but I’ve also been reassured that my 4 yr old camera with my f2.8 14mm forms a descent kit!

Cheers!

APS-C Sensor, f2.8

APS-C Sensor, f2.8

APS-C Sensor f1.8

APS-C Sensor f1.8

70D, f2.8 14mm Histogram

70D, f2.8 14mm Histogram

70D, f1.8 14mm Histogram

70D, f1.8 14mm Histogram

Full Frame Sensor, f1.8

Full Frame Sensor, f1.8

EOS-R, f1.8 14mm Histogram

EOS-R, f1.8 14mm Histogram

Canon 70D with Rokinon 14mm f2.8

Canon 70D with Rokinon 14mm f2.8

Canon 70D with Sigma 14mm f1.8

Canon 70D with Sigma 14mm f1.8

EOS-R with Sigma f1.8

EOS-R with Sigma f1.8

Otherworldly

Aside from some familiar features in the sky, where would you imagine yourself to be if you were immersed within this scene?  You'd probably be relieved to be breathing air! And wondering if you'll make it home.  Oddly enough, you're only about an hour's walk to a highway that will take you to Farmington, New Mexico. So many of the formations at Bisti seem to thumb their nose at gravity, at least for some period of time.  This scene is lit by my GoalZero adjustable lanterns. The sky features Jupiter, Antares, and the Scorpius region of the Milky Way.  Made from 9 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.  Cheers!

Aside from some familiar features in the sky, where would you imagine yourself to be if you were immersed within this scene?

You'd probably be relieved to be breathing air! And wondering if you'll make it home.

Oddly enough, you're only about an hour's walk to a highway that will take you to Farmington, New Mexico. So many of the formations at Bisti seem to thumb their nose at gravity, at least for some period of time.

This scene is lit by my GoalZero adjustable lanterns. The sky features Jupiter, Antares, and the Scorpius region of the Milky Way.

Made from 9 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.

Cheers!

Jovian Badlands

Prominent Jupiter overlooks the scene at the Bisti Badlands.   At the tail end of three nights of shooting, I had little energy to hike further into the formation than this location! Fortunately, Bisti is rich with its characteristic hoodoos and unusual formations. One of two scenes composed using blue hour imagery of the landscape this night.   In this case, I used my kit--a Canon 70D and a 14mm f2.8 Rokinon lens. I shoot a 10 s exposures generally with this set up, a little less than half what the 500 rule recommends. At ISO 6400 or even 3200, the images still accumulate enough light to differentiate colors with limited noise.   Probably the best investment in improving the signal to noise in my images has been the Starry Landscape Stacker software. Made from 10 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.   Cheers!

Prominent Jupiter overlooks the scene at the Bisti Badlands.

At the tail end of three nights of shooting, I had little energy to hike further into the formation than this location! Fortunately, Bisti is rich with its characteristic hoodoos and unusual formations. One of two scenes composed using blue hour imagery of the landscape this night.

In this case, I used my kit--a Canon 70D and a 14mm f2.8 Rokinon lens. I shoot a 10 s exposures generally with this set up, a little less than half what the 500 rule recommends. At ISO 6400 or even 3200, the images still accumulate enough light to differentiate colors with limited noise.

Probably the best investment in improving the signal to noise in my images has been the Starry Landscape Stacker software. Made from 10 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.

Cheers!

See What You Miss When You Sleep

My family was sleeping in the tent. No joke. That's what we do. They go to bed, and I find moments to take in the night sky.  See what you miss when you sleep?!  I'd have preferred not to shoot over the campground, but this was what the sky was offering this night. And at this location.  The way the low lying clouds gave way to the extremely distant and vast clouds beyond them conjures images of the opening act for a stadium rock band. "That's nice, now be on your way! THIS is what we came for!"  Jupiter has been smack dab in the middle of the Milky Way this season, making for a large blown out region near Scorpius. It almost looks like a disembodied eye staring back from the cosmos! It does make the Milky Way easy to locate on less obvious nights than this one.  I suppose the residents of the Espanola Valley were socked in by the opening act clouds for some time after this image.  The f1.8 lens I'm using coupled with ISO 12,800 help to produce a sharp image with wide ranging colors. Made from 7 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.  Cheers!

My family was sleeping in the tent. No joke. That's what we do. They go to bed, and I find moments to take in the night sky.

See what you miss when you sleep?!

I'd have preferred not to shoot over the campground, but this was what the sky was offering this night. And at this location.

The way the low lying clouds gave way to the extremely distant and vast clouds beyond them conjures images of the opening act for a stadium rock band. "That's nice, now be on your way! THIS is what we came for!"

Jupiter has been smack dab in the middle of the Milky Way this season, making for a large blown out region near Scorpius. It almost looks like a disembodied eye staring back from the cosmos! It does make the Milky Way easy to locate on less obvious nights than this one.

I suppose the residents of the Espanola Valley were socked in by the opening act clouds for some time after this image.

The f1.8 lens I'm using coupled with ISO 12,800 help to produce a sharp image with wide ranging colors. Made from 7 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.

Cheers!

Colors Our Eyes Cannot See

One question I frequently get is "does the sky really look like that?"  The answer is "yes, mostly, but your eyes will never see this."   Yes , the colors in this image are the ones that arrived at my camera lens, made it through to the sensor, and were measured--color and intensity. Canon will tell you they do that best. So will Nikon and Sony, etc. Software lets me have a different opinion and to change the contrast to be perceptible to my eye. I do take care to get the colors correct, but this is admittedly a qualitative process.  Even here, I've calibrated my monitor to my print vendor, so your screen will show something slightly different than intended.   Mostly , the balance among the various colors are adjusted a little so that all of them can be visible in the same image.  Since I'm using a digital sensor, I do use the computer to perform some filtering--our  eyes never see  the discrete variations digital sensors sometimes register, and it makes the image grainy. You'll never see these colors because your night vision is color blind. AND the sky is imaged over the course of minutes (stacked together to reduce the star motion and image noise).  Your vision cannot do that.   So, is this real?  Yes. It is just reality that is a composite made possible by technology.  And thank God, if you ask me. I love the night sky. Just as my eyes can see it. AND in the rich variations that are just beyond our ability to see! In the moment.  I didn't think this one would turn out to be a keeper. You may judge for yourself, but I'm glad I shot it.  Made from 6 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.  Cheers!

One question I frequently get is "does the sky really look like that?"

The answer is "yes, mostly, but your eyes will never see this."

Yes, the colors in this image are the ones that arrived at my camera lens, made it through to the sensor, and were measured--color and intensity. Canon will tell you they do that best. So will Nikon and Sony, etc. Software lets me have a different opinion and to change the contrast to be perceptible to my eye. I do take care to get the colors correct, but this is admittedly a qualitative process.

Even here, I've calibrated my monitor to my print vendor, so your screen will show something slightly different than intended.

Mostly, the balance among the various colors are adjusted a little so that all of them can be visible in the same image.

Since I'm using a digital sensor, I do use the computer to perform some filtering--our eyes never see the discrete variations digital sensors sometimes register, and it makes the image grainy. You'll never see these colors because your night vision is color blind. AND the sky is imaged over the course of minutes (stacked together to reduce the star motion and image noise). Your vision cannot do that.

So, is this real?

Yes. It is just reality that is a composite made possible by technology.

And thank God, if you ask me. I love the night sky. Just as my eyes can see it. AND in the rich variations that are just beyond our ability to see! In the moment.

I didn't think this one would turn out to be a keeper. You may judge for yourself, but I'm glad I shot it.

Made from 6 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.

Cheers!

Early Evening with Pedernal

20190601_EarlyEveningPedernal_LR.jpg

Abiquiu Lake sits just north of Cerro Pedernal, one of the favorite landscapes of Georgia O'Keefe. This evening the cloud cover and timing for the rise of the Milky Way seemed to be on track to prevent any dazzling images.

Guess I was wrong. See this and other images from the night.

This one is a composite of landscape near dusk and sky after astronomical twilight. This combination is one of the better ways to shoot the landscape with low noise, during or near the new moon. The other contributor there is the cloud cover which reflects terrestrial light sources to effectively produce a hodge podge of light sources. Even with the cloud cover, the sky still delivers some variety and beauty to the image.

The wide angle makes it appear as if the water were farther away than it actually is.

Made from 7 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise.

Cheers!

Close Encounters Near Abiquiu

I've shot at Abiquiu, New Mexico a number of times, and the clouds always seem to frustrate me at night. A little patience this night paid off.   While thunderstorms raged near Los Alamos, the clouds started to clear out and make for some night night sky moments like this one. The lighting on the cloud in the middle of this image is reminiscent of Close Encounters with the lights burning through a red cloud. I don't think I was abducted, but it could have happened.   Jupiter is blaring away in the Milky Way with Scorpius prominent in this image. The image was taken from my campsite, with the trees and fence lit by two small GoalZero lanterns adjusted for minimal illumination. The landscape and sky are processed separately and combined in Photoshop. Made from 8 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise  Cheers!

I've shot at Abiquiu, New Mexico a number of times, and the clouds always seem to frustrate me at night. A little patience this night paid off.

While thunderstorms raged near Los Alamos, the clouds started to clear out and make for some night night sky moments like this one. The lighting on the cloud in the middle of this image is reminiscent of Close Encounters with the lights burning through a red cloud. I don't think I was abducted, but it could have happened.

Jupiter is blaring away in the Milky Way with Scorpius prominent in this image. The image was taken from my campsite, with the trees and fence lit by two small GoalZero lanterns adjusted for minimal illumination. The landscape and sky are processed separately and combined in Photoshop. Made from 8 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise

Cheers!

The Daily Spin

Sitting still is an illusion.  We live in that illusion all the time.  I bought an expensive tripod to make sure that my camera would not move (much) when shooting anything longer than 1/100th of a second.  This shot is a bit longer.  I could say “the problem is” that the platform I put my tripod on wasn’t so stationary.  I prefer “thank God” for such beautiful motion that can be found through creative means!!    And really, thank God that we do rotate or the habitable zone of the earth would be dangerously thin!  This is the complementary image to the previous blog post where you see this camera doing its thing.  These star trails are from the Santa Barbara Campground in northern New Mexico.  We’re up near 9,000 feet, removing a bunch of atmosphere between me and the stars!  This circumpolar image was a little shorter than intended due to condensation on my lens, but the star density more than makes up for the short capture.    May your next spin be full of adventure and a few good friends!  Cheers!

Sitting still is an illusion.

We live in that illusion all the time.

I bought an expensive tripod to make sure that my camera would not move (much) when shooting anything longer than 1/100th of a second. This shot is a bit longer. I could say “the problem is” that the platform I put my tripod on wasn’t so stationary. I prefer “thank God” for such beautiful motion that can be found through creative means!!

And really, thank God that we do rotate or the habitable zone of the earth would be dangerously thin!

This is the complementary image to the previous blog post where you see this camera doing its thing. These star trails are from the Santa Barbara Campground in northern New Mexico. We’re up near 9,000 feet, removing a bunch of atmosphere between me and the stars! This circumpolar image was a little shorter than intended due to condensation on my lens, but the star density more than makes up for the short capture.

May your next spin be full of adventure and a few good friends!

Cheers!

Camping Under The Stars

Camping with the family at 9,000' in the northern New Mexico mountains. The rush of runoff from an el nino driven weather pattern over the winter, made for a fairly loud scene. The Milky Way was rising over the peaks to the east. The fam was snoozing in the green tent, and my camera was busy shooting a circumpolar in the left of the image.  If you can get to a location like this, particularly with dark skies, you should do it!  Shot with a rented Canon EOS-R with a Sigma f1.8 14mm. The lens distortion was challenging in Photoshop. It took some liberty in piecing the two images together. The sky was processed with Starry Landscape Stacker.  Cheers!

Camping with the family at 9,000' in the northern New Mexico mountains. The rush of runoff from an el nino driven weather pattern over the winter, made for a fairly loud scene. The Milky Way was rising over the peaks to the east. The fam was snoozing in the green tent, and my camera was busy shooting a circumpolar in the left of the image.

If you can get to a location like this, particularly with dark skies, you should do it!

Shot with a rented Canon EOS-R with a Sigma f1.8 14mm. The lens distortion was challenging in Photoshop. It took some liberty in piecing the two images together. The sky was processed with Starry Landscape Stacker.

Cheers!

March Milky Way Over Fire

If you're going to camp at White Sands...go early. That's what this should be called.   I had passed the Valley of Fire near Carrizozo, NM a little over an hour back, so, I headed back that way.   The features--mosly lava rock cavities in the earth, were difficult to illuminate. A small hill near the campground made a nice location to shoot the arc of the Milky Way. Orion can be seen closer to the horizon. The light dome from Socoro is also visible on the right horizon in the image.   This was pieced together from 5 shots taken in portrait frame. Made from 10 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Star Dupe

If you're going to camp at White Sands...go early. That's what this should be called.

I had passed the Valley of Fire near Carrizozo, NM a little over an hour back, so, I headed back that way.

The features--mosly lava rock cavities in the earth, were difficult to illuminate. A small hill near the campground made a nice location to shoot the arc of the Milky Way. Orion can be seen closer to the horizon. The light dome from Socoro is also visible on the right horizon in the image.

This was pieced together from 5 shots taken in portrait frame. Made from 10 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Star Dupe

Yucca in the Valley of Fire

I hadn't planned to shoot in the Valley of Fire near Carrizozo, NM, but there I was near the end of March in the new moon. Turned out to be a bit of a training event for me with my relatively new Goal Zero lanterns to light up the landscape. I like the mixture of the Yucca with the Milky Way in this 1:1 crop. Shot with my 70D and f2.8 14mm. Made from 20 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise. Cheers!

I hadn't planned to shoot in the Valley of Fire near Carrizozo, NM, but there I was near the end of March in the new moon. Turned out to be a bit of a training event for me with my relatively new Goal Zero lanterns to light up the landscape. I like the mixture of the Yucca with the Milky Way in this 1:1 crop. Shot with my 70D and f2.8 14mm. Made from 20 light frames by Starry Landscape Stacker 1.8.0. Algorithm: Mean Min Hor Noise. Cheers!

Splash of Purple

Seems an appropriate post for Mother’s Day.  A bloom whose beauty reflects some of the best of motherhood.  May all the mothers out there feel loved and cherished as much as possible today!  About the picture, this is one of flowers that my wife selected to adorn our flower pots and planting beds.  The macro image with a large aperture makes the depth of field just a fraction of the size of the bloom.  It also helps to highlight the crispness of the elements in focus in the center of the bloom.  The white tips of the flower give way to a white vignette.    Cheers!

Seems an appropriate post for Mother’s Day. A bloom whose beauty reflects some of the best of motherhood. May all the mothers out there feel loved and cherished as much as possible today!

About the picture, this is one of flowers that my wife selected to adorn our flower pots and planting beds. The macro image with a large aperture makes the depth of field just a fraction of the size of the bloom. It also helps to highlight the crispness of the elements in focus in the center of the bloom. The white tips of the flower give way to a white vignette.

Cheers!